Intelligent Design was determined by the United States District Court to be creationism, which is a religious activity rather than a secular one. Since, based on the 1st Amendment of the US Constitution, the government (including federal, state, and local) cannot endorse or otherwise allow the government to be seen to be promoting one religious practice or faith over another.
As written, this bill is illegal by precedent of the federal courts.
It would not have been illegal to write a ‘critical analysis of evolution bill’ (as promoted by the Discovery Institute). However, the application of that bill in a public school classroom very well might have been illegal. (Of course, science teachers should be teaching critical analysis, so that bill is something of a waste of paper anyway. However, as soon as they teach creationism or Intelligent Design based on that law, then they are acting illegally.)
I would encourage you to read up on the Dover vs. Kitzmiller Trial. The entire transcript is here: http://www.talkorigins.org/faq…
I would suggest you pay particular attention to the Michael Behe cross-examination (in which he admits that by his definition, astrology is a science, that ID has no peer-reviewed research, and that believe in ID is directly proportional to ones belief in the Judeo-Christian God) and the Barbara Forrest direct examination (in which she proves beyond a reasonable doubt that Intelligent Design is just creationism with a fancy new name).
I would suggest you read this page at my blog: http://ogremk5.wordpress.com/2…
In which you will see that all of the leaders of the ID movement have directly stated that it is religious… and therefore illegal to promote in public schools or government institutions.
Finally, if this bill passes, then in order to comply with the 1st Amendment, the government MUST allow ANY religious based system the same benefits as ID or it will be illegal. That means that the physics of pyramids must be a tenure track research plan. People who promote faith healing must be allowed into med school and to practice. The creation of the universe by the old ones, the Titans, the Flying Spaghetti Monster, and native American mythology (it’s turtles all the way down) must also be allowed to teach in Biology, Chemistry, and Physics classes. Ghosthunters will become an internship for post-doctoral candidates in soul-physics, etc. I could go on, but you get the point.
And that is why, this bill, as written, is illegal. And I, as a parent, former teacher, and resident of the State of Texas, will be the first person in line for the lawsuit… if it actually goes anywhere, which I doubt it will.